National Population Register

National Population Register
Reading time: 2 min

National Population Register, is in the news as the Union cabinet approved a proposal to update the NPR, which is linked to the census. It will be carried out between April and September in 2020 i.e. next year. It will carry out with 2021 census work.

National Population Register

NPR stands for National Population Register which is a  register of ‘usual residents’ of the country. It includes both citizens and ‘non-citizens’. It is mandatory for every usual resident of India to register under the NPR. It will be prepared at the local(village/sub-town), sub-district
, District, State, and National level.

Who is the Usual Resident?

A usual resident under NPR is defined as:

  • A person who has resided in a local areal for the past 6 months or more.
  • A person who intends to reside in that area for the next 6 months or more.

Document or Data required during NPR

  • Bio metric: Photograph, 10 fingerprints, and IRIS of all residents who is of age 5 years and above.
    •  If Aadhar number is already present then no separate bio-metric data is required.
  • Demographic:  Name of person, sex, dob, marital status.

Some Points on NPR:

  • Under this provision, a ‘resident identity card’ will be issued to the individual over the age of 18.
  • UID number will also be printed on the card.
  •  The database under the NPR will be maintained by:
    – Registrar General of India and
    – Census Commission of India
  • Its aim is to create a comprehensive identity database of every usual resident in the country.
  •  It would help in better targeting of the benefits under the government scheme.
  •  It will help in strengthening the security of the country.
  •  This would be conducted under Citizenship(Registration and Issue of National Identity)2003.


  • Some believe that NPR is the basis of all India NRC, thus NRC is a subset of NPR.
  •  This is why states like West Bengal and Kerala had stopped the work for NPR.


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